Get To Know How All The 36 Nigerian States Got Their Names
Behind every state and its name, there is a rich history. Look at all the states and how they have been called.
See how all the 36 Nigerian states got their names, from names of rivers to famous heroes.
Abia is an acronym for Aba Bende Isuikwuato Afikpo, the four major classes of citizens in the state at the time it was founded in 1991.
Adamawa was named after a warrior who conquered the area in the early 19th century, Modibbo Adama Bin Ardo Hassan.
3. Akwa Ibom
Akwa Ibom is named after a river called Qua Iboe (or Kwa Iboe).
The state got its name from the damaged version of the area's famous river, Oma Mbala (Ànyịm Ọma Mbala).
Three versions of how Bauchi got her name are available:
The Hausa word 'Bauchi' means the southern flanks of Hausaland. In the southern parts of the Hausaland, tribes were referred to as "kasashen Bauchi" and the region in which they lived later became known simply as Bauchi. The state's second version was named after Baushe, a famous hunter who settled there before the 19th century. The third note that, as it was a base for slave raiders, 'Bauchi' is the Hausa term for slavery.
Brass LGA, known as BALGA, Yenegoa LGA, known as YELGA, and Sagbama LGA, known as SALGA, is a mixture of the acronyms of three local government regions that were taken out of the old Rivers State. BA + YEL + SA = BAYELSA is the mathematics involved in the creation of their names.
The state was named after the corruption of 'Binuwe', the Batta word for 'Mother of Waters', "Europeanized."
'Borno' is the alternative name of the Kanuris, the predominant ethnic group in the state, which influenced the name of the state.
9. Cross River
The state was named after a river named Oyono, or Cross River.
When it joins the Atlantic Ocean, the state is where the River Niger forms a delta.
The Anglicised version of 'Aboine' is Ebonyi, a river that runs through Abakaliki, the capital of the state.
The people of Bini who live in the region have often referred to themselves as Edo or Iduu. This influenced the state's name.
'Ekiti' is a word that is used to signify a multi-hill settlement. It became 'Ekiti' later.
The people called it "Enu Ugwu" in Igbo, meaning "top of the hill," because of the many hills and rocky terrain in the region. After the Anglicised version, Enugu, the state is called.
Gombe is the Fulani language (Fulfulde) dialect spoken in the region.
Imo took its name from the famous river, Imo Mmiri, like many of Nigeria's states.
The distinctly golden-colored soil inspires Jigawa.
The plural form of a crocodile in Hausa is 'Kadunas'. Thus, from the many crocodiles in the Kaduna River, the state got its name.
Kano was the name of a Gaya tribe blacksmith who settled in the region while sourcing for ironstone. They called the state after him.
The state was named after a wife known as Janzama, a prominent local ruler. Katsina was her nickname.
It is said that in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, Kebbi was named after Ka'abba.
Kogi is said to be derived from 'kogin', the Hausa word for river because the famous confluence in Nigeria is located in the state.
On the northern boundary of the state, the River Niger used to be called the Kwara River by the Nupes. After this, the state was named.
The first party of Europeans to set foot in Lagos in 1472 was the Portuguese. They called it Lagos because of the many lagoons and rivers in the area, which is the Portuguese word for 'lakes'.
Nasarawa is a "victorious" native term. The state was called Makama Dogo by the founder of the kingdom of Nasarawa.
It's named after the Niger River.
The state was also named after the Ogun River, a river.
Ondo is a term used to refer to settlers. The state was named after the ancient Ondo Kingdom settlers.
The state is also named after a river, the Osun River.
The state was named after the kingdom of Old Oyo.
After the picturesque Jos Plateau, the state was named. From the mispronunciation of the town, 'Gwosh' Jos got its name.
Rivers State was named for the many bodies of water present in the region.
The anglicized form of the Arabic word 'suk' in Sokoto, meaning 'market' or 'place of exchange'. The state itself was named after the extinct Caliphate of Sokoto.
The state of Taraba received its name from the River Taraba.
The name of the state was influenced by the Komadugu Yobe (Waube or Ouobe), or River Yobe (or River of Yo).
This state was named after one of the sub-dialects of the Eastern Hausa tribe, Zamfarawa.